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Adonirm D. Allen

Adonirm D. Allen

Male 1734 - 1838  (104 years)

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  • Name Adonirm D. Allen 
    Born 1734  Near border of Vermont, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1838  Vox, Laurel, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Buried Laurel Point Cemetery, Clay Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I5395  Family
    Last Modified 30 Oct 2018 

    Father David Allen,   b. 1714 
    Family ID F1964  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth Morris,   b. 1740, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1830, Clay Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 90 years) 
     1. Adoniram D. Allen, II,   b. 1 May 1782,   d. 11 Dec 1846, Salisbury, Yancey Co., North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
     2. Allie Allen,   b. 1785, Clay Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. William Allen,   b. 1775, Wilkes Co., North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1815, Clay Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
     4. John Allen,   b. 1790, Georgia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1862  (Age 72 years)
     5. Morris Allen,   b. 1794, Georgia Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Phoebe Allen,   b. 1796, Clay Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 30 Oct 2018 
    Family ID F1666  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Headstones
    Adonirm D Allen I 'Tegs'
    Adonirm Allen marker

  • Notes 
    • He fought at Kings Mtn., SC on 10/7/1780.   The turning point of the War for the American soldiers.

      "Adoniram Allen was born in New Hampshire near the Vermont line in
      1734, the son of David Allen, mother unknown. When and why David Allen migrated
      to New Jersey is not known. History relates people bought land in the New
      Hampshire land lottery. Then New York came in, surveyed and charged again;
      rather than pay twice for the land, people moved on.

          Quote from the Ethan Allen Story, "The record of the Allens, for the
      first hundred years, is a repetition of the Book of Exodus. Like the
      Israelites, they raised families and moved. Four generations averaged ten
      children each and lived in eight different places. Restless, energetic,
      hopeful, they followed the frontier persistently, clearing the wilderness,
      building cabins, and sowing crops which they often left for others to reap.
      Like all pioneers they believed in the future even more than in themselves,
      and never seemed to know why they moved so often or worked so hard."

          It is not known when David left New Hampshire. The next we hear is that
      David is in Elizabeth Town. David Allen, Jr. was born in Elizabeth Town,
      Essex County, New Jersey in 1761, twenty-seven years after the birth of
      Adoniram. Some time in between, Job was born; no date has been found.

          David could have taken the Great Philadelphia Wagon Road, down through
      Maryland, where he may have tarried. One report (only one) states David
      Allen was a Quaker, originally from Maryland. The only definite information
      I have is David Allen [Jr] was born in 1761 in Elizabeth Town. Over a long
      span of time, there are no records of David Allen and his family.

          Elizabeth Town, being a seaport, would have been the likely place for
      Adoniram to apprentice as a mechanic for the ship building industry,
      assuming the family lived there in the 1750's when Adoniram was about the
      right age for apprenticeship. It is not known where his father, David,
      learned the iron works trade; however, there were iron furnaces in the
      vicinity at that time.

          David and his family may have migrated to the Yadkin River area of
      North Carolina some time after 1761. David Allen, Jr. in his application for
      pension, stated he moved at an early age from Elizabeth Town; he did not
      remember living there. In 1767, David Allen, Sr's name surfaced in North
      Carolina according to the Moravian Records. Adoniram might have stayed
      longer in New Jersey since his name didn't surface in North Carolina until
      1771. It was on the tax list. Adoniram paid two polls - could Adoniram
      married at this time.

          Adoniram had six children: William Allen, Adoniram II, and Allie born
      In North Carolina, John, Morris, and Phoebe born in Georgia. 1800 census of
      North Carolina Buncombe County, William is listed 26 to 45; 1810 Clay
      County census William is listed 36 to 45. He died in 1814. Could be he was
      born in 1774. 26 years 1800, 36 years 1810. Could be William was born
      before Adoniram went into the service in the 1777 date given by David Allen, Jr.

      The Clay County census for 1850 gives Allie 60 (North Carolina) and John
      Allen 60 (Georgia). Some think Allie and John are twins, but that can't be
      since one was born in North Carolina, and the other born in Georgia. 1860
      census gives John as 73 and born in North Carolina, and Allie as 70 and
      born in North Carolina. John's descendants say he was born in 1790 in Georgia.
      It could be Allie was born in 1787 in North Carolina. Morris was born in 1794
      and Phoebe in 1796 in Georgia. [Adoniram was 60 when Morris was born.]

          Adoniram's home and mill site has not been pinpointed, but apparently
      it was in that part of Surry County that became Wilkes County in 1777. The
      first listing of the 250 acres was in the Wilkes County poll tax of 1782.
      By 1784 he had acquired additional acreage totaling 600 acres. This acreage
      Was included on the last tax list of 1766. Records of 1782 and 1786 indicated
      that Adoniram owned and operated a water-powered grist mill. Records of the
      disposition of Adoniram's land holdings in Wilkes County have not been

          Official records directly connect Adoniram and David under three
      circumstances. The first relates to Adoniram's role as chain carrier for
      one of David's land grants. Another was connected to his witnessing the deed
      for the sale of David's land in 1786. In 1787, the third circumstance is
      Adoniram's appearance before the Wilkes County Court in 1787 to record the
      sale. In 1797 Adoniram was involved in a court case. The court case was a
      civil suit between Adoniram and Joseph Hughes. The outcome is unrecorded.

          Adoniram Allen apparently left Wilkes County, North Carolina sometime
      soon after his court appearance in 1779. Other evidence of his departure is
      indicated in the Wilkes County Court record replacing him on a road jury in
      November 1788. Also Adoniram's certificate of Allowance September 6, 1784
      for public service was reissued on September 30, 1791 to Alexander Mebune.
      Adoniram was no longer a resident of North Carolina.

          From a 1790 census for Wilkes County, Georgia prepared from tax
      returns, Adoniram Allen was not found as a tax payer for 1790, but was
      a tax payer in the indicated district in 1791. There is a possibility he was a
      resident in 1790.

          Adoniram went to Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia and then to Sparta,
      Handcock County, Georgia to build iron works according to the Allen
      Robertson Interviews. His name appeared in the 1794 tax records of Handcock

          Adoniram and his family were certified as residents of Handcock County
      in the 1805 Land Lottery of Georgia in which he was awarded two "draws".
      The award was based on being "free" white, male, married with wife and a
      legitimate child (children under 21 years of age), one year resident of
      Georgia, and a US citizen. He failed to pay the required fee and thus
      forfeited the grant. This is the last record of Adoniram in Georgia.

          The old family said Adoniram Allen and Job Allen were brothers and were
      the first two Allens who came in to Clay County. The family legend that
      these two brothers came through Cumberland Gap and on to Clay County, a
      Clay County Court Order upholds this theory in a request for 400 acres of land
      In a grant. Adoniram states he was an actual settler on the land prior to the
      first of June of 1806. His brother Job Allen must have come with him to
      look over the land, decided where he wanted to homestead. Job never came back;
      he was never listed on the census. Adoniram's father, David Sr., had moved to
      Rutherford County, North Carolina if he was still living. Adoniram might
      have left his family with his father while he went to Kentucky. [Note: This
      is highly unlikely as Adoniram was himself 72 years old when he first
      traveled to Kentucky. David Allen is thought to have been born in 1714 and
      would have been 92 in 1806. PT] Adoniram left Georgia sometime in 1805;
      Adoniram was in Kentucky in 1806; he made it back sometime in 1807 with his
      family: William, John, Morris, Allie and Phoebe. Adoniram II stayed in
      Yancey County, North Carolina. William and Adoniram were the only two married.
      John, Morris, Allie and Phoebe all married in Clay County; marriage records
      in the Clay County courthouse. Adoniram gave John 90 acres of land in 1815;
      Morris he gave 60 acres in 1815. Allie's son Allen Robertson in the
      interview said, "My mother was an Allen daughter of Adoniram Allen." Later
      John's son, Robert, in his application for Sons of the Revolution wrote my
      father, John Allen son of Adoniram. Adoniram II left a will: he never said
      he was a son of Adoniram Allen. There was never found a deed, will, or
      Bible record that named Adoniram's children.

          In 1807 Adoniram Allen applied for a permit to build a water-powered
      saw and grist mill in the south forks of the Kentucky River. In 1807 Adoniram
      served on the first grand jury in Clay County. William Allen served with

          Adoniram Allen was nicknamed "Tedious" because he was so particular.
      Later the name became "Teges". On the old deeds and maps it was Tedious.
      Later the two creeks became upper and lower Teges. There was a Teges school
      and post office. The post office and schools have been consolidated.

          Adoniram ran a water-powered saw and grist mill below the narrows on
      the south fork of the Kentucky River.

          Adoniram was a remarkable man past seventy years when he migrated with
      his family to Clay County, built his home, grist and saw mill. He started a
      new life, when most people at age seventy are no longer able to work. He
      had been a surveyor, farmer, mechanic, ship builder, and served in the
      Revolutionary War.

          One early researcher said old Adoniram seemed to fade from the scene
      And a young Adoniram came on the scene. This Adoniram was William and Patsy's
      son. Adoniram died in 1838 at the age of 104 years, buried at Laurel Point
      Cemetery." [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S775] One World Tree,, Provo, UT.

    2. [S1658] Riddle Family Tree - Ancestry, Debra Riddle.

    3. [S2493] Davis and Allen Family Tree, Cindy Webb.